Just look at the fabric of the dress you are wearing. Nylon is used for making parachutes and ropes for climbing. TERYLENE Depending upon the types of chemicals used for manufacturing synthetic fibres, they are THERMOPLASTICS named as Rayon, Nylon, Polyester and … Types Of Synthetic Fibres With Pictures & Their Uses by Elizabeth / Thursday, 24 August 2017 / Published in Textile Knowledge Synthetic fibers are created by extruding fiber forming materials through spinnerets into air and water, forming a thread. At that time it was used to manufacture tires, tents, ponchos and other military supplies. Synthetic textiles like terylene and nylon, cement, glass, plastics, dyes, soap, detergents, fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides are some man-made materials which are commonly used. It is strong, light and warm, therefore it is commonly used in sweaters such as furniture upholstery, in carpets and to coat boots and gloves. They are commonly found in a variety of products worldwide. All plastics do not have the same type of arrangement of units. Synthetic fibers make up 69% (i.e., 62.9 × 10 6 t) of all fiber production. Plastic is also a polymer like the synthetic fibre. Smart Polymers for Bioseparation and Bioprocessing (2001) CRC. ���h� ��8���>��Nݠ��������������}}�9��Pp��9������j8�qB��q�oL����)���q2����Xׁ���qX �ִ���'7�p[Bnn-D��b3��G����(q�J��R�€Ϝ���8��Z��x/qa ��>�.�p+�p����|��t���f��;.�-�Y ��K���7��a9t�D��%P�s1"� D��9���ߖ�*�Ua)��A#Ӛ�o�(0�y�-a�#����@�9����ʧ��w/5y͢�E,�䪳p_�&��ή�:��Y~%������Z���g�m9z�E�A��-�E|o]r:�~��Z|z�?��?�� �s�918��������O_�M� ��� ��V�r�q��������#����ہ!kI�t V. Nylon. They are used in biomedical engineering, hydrogels and biodegradable packaging. That why plastics containers are used as storing devices. An example of these are the polypropylene fibers that are used in carpets or polyethylene varieties that are used to make plastic bottles. Questions and Answers. Can you name the few things made of nylon? The Airbus A360 and Boeing 787 are made of 50% composed of plastics. An example are blends between polymers and carbon, which create a lightweight material that serves to transport things using fuel efficiently. Polyester is a synthetic polymer fiber produced from fossil fuel and is used to make clothing, blankets, carpets, and other fabrics. There are different methods for making these materials, but the most common is the melt turning. So the need of synthetic fibers is essential. Retrieved from books.google.com. Answer: (b) it is obtained from wood pulp . Question 4. #}�`3��b�����������Y�+�虘Z(�[X*$�����$Z(��+ k �3� Hemp, presumably the oldest cultivated fibre plant, originated in Southeast Asia, then spread to China, where reports of cultivation date to 4500 bce. Question 4: Give examples which indicate that nylon fibres are very strong. Retrieved from reference.com. Retrieved from dupont.com. As for clothing, it is often used in the manufacture of socks, scarves and hats. Boca Raton, Florida. A wide variety of synthetic polymers are available with variations in main chain as well as side chains. It was developed in the 1940s. Answer: (a) man-made, artificial, (b) petrochemicals, (c) polymer. Rayon . to highly specialized uses in aircrafts, ships, spacecrafts, SYNTHETIC FIBRES healthcare, etc. It is made of the thread prepared from small fibres. Give one-word answer for the following : Plastic which gets deformed easily on heating and can be easily bent. It is quite elastic; Is very strong, it resists very well to insects, animals, fungi and many chemicals. In recent times, there has been a boom in the invention of new synthetic materials. We use Nylon, Polyester, Acrylic and rayon fibers in our daily life. Synthetic materials make up almost half of all materials that are used in all fields of textile technology. 5)acrylic fibres are used to make blankets and shawls 3. 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