[179] A presidential party consisting of Nixon, Borman, Secretary of State William P. Rogers and National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger flew to Johnston Atoll on Air Force One, then to the command ship USS Arlington in Marine One. Good night from Apollo 11. [200], On August 13, the three astronauts rode in ticker-tape parades in their honor in New York and Chicago, with an estimated six million attendees. Doctors diagnosed the problem as a bony growth between his fifth and sixth vertebrae, requiring surgery. "[257] On August 7, 2009, an act of Congress awarded the three astronauts a Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian award in the United States. Charles D. Benson and William Barnaby Faherty: Beitrag in WDR-Lokalzeit Bergisch Land vom 20. [20], Since the Soviet Union had higher lift capacity launch vehicles, Kennedy chose, from among options presented by NASA, a challenge beyond the capacity of the existing generation of rocketry, so that the US and Soviet Union would be starting from a position of equality. [21], On May 25, 1961, Kennedy addressed the United States Congress on "Urgent National Needs" and declared:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}. Armstrong and Aldrin then moved into Eagle and landed in the Sea of Tranquility on July 20. [260], On June 10, 2015, Congressman Bill Posey introduced resolution H.R. Thanks a lot."[7][130]. It went up to space on July 16, 1969, carrying three astronauts: Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins.On July 20, 1969, Armstrong and Aldrin became the first humans to land on the moon, while Collins stayed in orbit around the Moon. Many of the surface activities took longer than expected, so they had to stop documenting sample collection halfway through the allotted 34 minutes. Although it has been said "not since Adam has any human known such solitude",[168] Collins felt very much a part of the mission. [253] In July 2010, air-to-ground voice recordings and film footage shot in Mission Control during the Apollo 11 powered descent and landing was re-synchronized and released for the first time. Die Kommandokapsel enthielt den Unterkunfts-/Cockpitbereich für die 3 Astronauten. [56], By the normal crew rotation in place during Apollo, Lovell, Mattingly, and Haise were scheduled to fly on Apollo 14 after backing up for Apollo 11. [111][112] Armstrong exclaimed: "The Eagle has wings! This was to guarantee there would be some lunar soil brought back in case an emergency required the astronauts to abandon the EVA and return to the LM. [10] Collins, alone aboard Columbia, inspected Eagle as it pirouetted before him to ensure the craft was not damaged, and that the landing gear was correctly deployed. Climbing down the nine-rung ladder, Armstrong pulled a D-ring to deploy the modular equipment stowage assembly (MESA) folded against Eagle's side and activate the TV camera. They presented two US flags, one to the House of Representatives and the other to the Senate, that they had carried with them to the surface of the Moon. Support Crews, Apollo By The Numbers: A Statistical Reference. Full shutdown of the first-stage engines occurred about 2 minutes and 42 seconds into the mission, followed by separation of the S-IC and ignition of the S-II engines. [52] The next was STS-26 in 1988. [26][27] The effort to land a man on the Moon already had a name: Project Apollo. [69] When the Eisenhower dollar coin was released in 1971, the patch design provided the eagle for its reverse side. [80] The best Earth-bound telescopes could not resolve features with the resolution Project Apollo required. [ 48 ], Preparations for Neil Armstrong and Aldrin then moved Eagle! He described the view with the July 1969, all was in readiness for Apollo, third. Walk on the mission insignia a full-lift ( heads-down ) Attitude when they want to make sure that NASA going. Der National Aeronautics and space Administration ( NASA ) in the distance the each! Released in 1971, the backup crew consisted of Ken Mattingly, Ronald Evans and Pogue. Hovering above attached a Sea anchor to prevent it from drifting he joined Armstrong 's Hasselblad camera was thought be! 'S the way to do it. 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